Archive for the ‘Thinking’ Category

Development, Recognition, Measurement and signposts of a creative mind

April 5, 2007

By Anup Vishnu Bagla   

We shall treat this discussion under three heads by dividing into 3 categories: 

·         Identifying the qualities of creative mind.

·         Devising a method of measuring the index of creativity.

·         Developing/devising a method/model/technique for it’s further rise i.e., the index of the creativity/capability (essentially removing inaccurate, wrong and erroneous thinking).

First, we shall discuss what are the indications, traits of

creative mind behavior; it’s signs, identifying symptoms etc. in

this first part. Generally creative behavior traits are thought of

as:  

 ·         Fluency

·         Flexibility

·         Originality

·         Elaboration

These are broad classification.

Some of the mental tendencies of a bright creative mind are:

High level of effective intelligence, applied intelligent imagination and openness to experience.Very high sensitivity to feel, know, gauge and grasp human situations, energies in the neighborhood/atmosphere. The thought as energy wave is received, perceived, as it is, instantly as agreeable or unagreeable, pleasant or unpleasant.

Inimical/Harmful and unfavorable wave energies tend to spontaneously disturb and lower/sink the life energy sapping and emptying it of life light (brilliant, bright light emitting goodness- feeling), by activating the downward motion/momentum.

The mind being highly sensitive with high power receiving antenna is vulnerable and subject to intense feelings….agitation and flux/flow of energies unless checked by strict discipline, understanding at the relational level, exposure to environment and people. 

·        Aesthetic sensitivity towards beauty in all external things.

·        In course of interaction, they are free from crippling restraints and impoverishing inhibitions —This freedom is essential which has to be cultivated, nurtured to remove unintelligent substance from life energy by overcoming erroneous thoughts and tiring / unhealthy thinking & feeling.

·        Cognitive flexibility.

·       Independence in thought and action.

·        High level of creative, illuminated energy.

·        Unquestioning commitment to creative endeavors.

·        Unceasing striving for solutions to more and more difficult

·        Problems which he constantly sets for himself.

·        Creative people are lovers of nature, outdoors, rains etc.

·        Although they are just, honest and always look for justice, they do not get hurt if the circumstances are adverse.

·        They are courageous, treading unknown paths. They do not appreciate unnecessary or non-useful / stupid laws in social dealings.

·        They are independent in working without having any expectations or need for approval seeking, as their approval comes from inside, in proximity to spirit. They, generally, have a helping nature.

·        They love humor and are uncomplaining, accepting/adjusting with people / situations / circumstances as they are and also correcting which needs to be corrected.

·        Always, being doers, they do not always demand or are concerned with orderliness, organization. At the same time, they are self-disciplined with lot of energy and will. This aspect has to be regularly empowered.

·         As a natural outcome, they never play games to impress others for favors or promotion / raise. 

………Read Entire article >>>> 

Guest Author : Anup Vishnu Bagla      

http://breathtaking-lifepositive.zaadz.com/  

Changing the world one (hyper) link at a time …

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||||||Effective Quotations by Great Thinker|||||

Gearge Bernard Shaw:::Mahatma Gandhi ::: Swami Vivekananda 

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[Question] Thinking vs. Learning – What’s the difference?

March 31, 2007

“There cannot be a Dance without a Dancer,There cannot be a Dancer without a Dance,The Dance is in the Dancer,The Creation is in the Creator,The Dancer is in the Dance,The Creator is in the Creation”.

The platform of thinking is our Brain (Mind) but the platform of learning is our Body, Brain (Mind), heart.  

Thinking is a part of Learning.  Thinking is a “part” concept but Learning is a “whole” concept.  

Thinking is a process for learning. This process is continuous but it is not necessary that we are achieving end goal of Learning.

Basically both are very interconnected & interdependent. We can understand these complex processes through self observation [when you are learning or when you are thinking or both simultaneously].

For more understanding: 

1.      Compare: You & a kid & an old man [thinking & learning]

2.      Compare: Mind [ Thinking ] vs Mind-Body-Heart [ learning ] 

Thinking:https://greathumancapital.wordpress.com/tag/thinking/ 

Learning:https://greathumancapital.wordpress.com/tag/learning/ 

I am thankful to Dennis & Balakrishna for sharing this question & answer with friends. 

~ Ajay Singh Niranjan                   

Thinking vs. Learning – What’s the difference?

 I am looking for help understanding the difference between Thinking and Learning.   NOBODY seems to know, including University Professors. When I ask people, the most common response I get is: “When you learn you think … and when you think you learn”. 

While that is absolutely true, it seems to imply there is no difference Even the Britannica dictionary seems to lack clarity (particularly for THINK). 

Think: To have in mind or call to mind; To reflect on; To exercise the power of judgment, inference or conception; To form a mental picture; To consider something.

Learn: To gain knowledge or understanding, to come to know; to fix in the mind or memory; memorize … Here is what I think the difference is: Learning: Is about acquiring a critical mental mass of raw material (data, information, knowledge and wisdom) that is required for effective thinking to occur.

Thinking: Is about applying cognitive tools (questions, thought processes, mental triggers) upon learning to produce ideas, solutions, understandings and new ways of thinking.

Thank you for responses.

Dennis J. Heindl

www.nthdegreesoft.com

Answer & example by Balakrishna Jayasimha.(BK)

There is this wonderful example of a child which spends a lot of time with the mother, before he or she goes to this place called school. The child is with the mother while the mother is mixing atta for the rotis. A piece of that atta is given to the child so that it keeps quiet, and the child in its wonderful innocence goes on making different shapes out of that piece of atta and generally keeps itself occupied and also enjoys itself.in the process thus helping the mother complete her task.

Change of scene: This same child on the  first day in school, encounters this new entity (teacher) who, walks-in to class hands over a  piece of clay which very much looks like the atta which the mother had given in the kitchen. But here is the difference, while the mother had just let the child be with that piece of atta, this teacher says “Children make that piece round” and shows them how to do it. This sets the first thought into the child which can be very traumatic, it begins to wonder, “hey, I was never told to make it round at home, how come this new twist?” From that day everything that the child has learnt is contradicted with a forced thinking that this is how it should be done. Then there are various justifications given in terms of discipline, order, education, facts and what not.

Take another example: Tell a five year old to draw a line and it draws anything but a straight line, where as tell the same to a supposedly educated thinking individual, he/she will draw only a straight line!. See how  patterns  have set in  because of our conditioning of thinking and thinking in a particular way! So what the child has learnt through self-discovery, is changed in our education system by wrote memory. While this path of self-discovery is purely intuitive, intellect drives our thinking.Learning is something that is experienced, it is something that happens in the ‘NOW’ and gives the ‘WOW’ feeling, while thinking is mainly driven by our past and the unknown future.

Is there some Learning?

Warm regards

Balakrishna Jayasimha.(BK) http://sva-vikaari-beekay.blogspot.com

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—-||||||Effective Quotations by Great Thinker||||||—-

Gearge Bernard ShawMahatma Gandhi Swami Vivekananda

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Explore Your Brain : Right Brain vs. Left brain thinking

March 8, 2007

 ” The test of first rate of intelligence is the ability to hold to opposite idea in the mind at the same time and still retain the ability to fuction” – F.Scott Fitzgarald

Research on the brains has demonstrated that two different sides of the brain (“hemisphere”) are responsible for different mode of thinking. Both of these mode of thinking are required for uncovering the effective solution of the problem.

While most individual have a preference for one style and another, the real key is build the capacity for whole brain thinking in the organisation, where people are comfortable in one style or another, depending on the need of the situation. Building this capability is a key part of the innovative organisation.  

Complex  Questions: what is mind? Brain? Thinking?

From Wikipedia  : Mind refers to the collective aspects of intellect and consciousness which are manifest in some combination of thought, perception, emotion, will and imagination. 

The human brain is the most complex organ in the body. It controls the central nervous system (CNS), by way of the cranial nerves and spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and regulates virtually all human activity.Involuntary, or “lower,” actions, such as heart rate, respiration, and digestion, are unconsciously governed by the brain,specifically through the autonomic nervous system. Complex, or “higher,” mental activity, such as thought, reason, and abstraction, is consciously controlled.

The human brain is vast and complex. It contains some one hundred billion neurons, which are capable of electrical and chemical communication with tens of thousands of other nerve cells. Nerve cells in turn rely on some quadrillion synaptic connections for their communications. 

Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. Words referring to similar concepts and processes include cognition, sentience, consciousness, idea, and imagination. Thinking involves the deeply cereberal manipulation of information, as when we form concepts, engage in problem solving, reason and make decisions. Thinking is a higher cognitive function and the analysis of thinking processes is part of cognitive psychology.

The following table illustrates the differences between left-brain and right-brain thinking:

Left Brain Thinking   Right Brain Thinking
Logical
Sequential
Rational
Analytical
Objective
Looks at parts
Random
Intuitive
Holistic
Synthesizing
Subjective
Looks at wholes

 

Photo Source: http://www.extensor.co.uk/articles/leadership_brain/leadership_brain.html

from above table & picture , we can check & analysis about our thinking pattern. Where need more focus according to environment, conditions & requirement? 

Kindly read Left Vs. Right: Which Side Are You On? At brain.web-us.com which describe following processing of Brain.

  • Linear Vs. Holistic Processing
  • Logical Vs. Intuitive
  • Sequential Vs. Random Processing
  • Verbal Vs. Nonverbal Processing
  • Symbolic Vs. Concrete Processing
  • Reality-Based Vs. Fantasy-Oriented Processing

Definately , Sometime we need left brain thinking & some time right brain thinking and some times both thinking simultaneously for solution of complex problems. 

~AJAY SINGH NIRANJAN 

Support the Mission:Great Human Capital  **********************************************  Effective Artciles which align to above article. Kindly link and share your expereince.

||||||Effective Quotations by Great Thinker||||||

Gearge Bernard Shaw :Mahatma Gandhi :Peter F. Drucker

Understanding the Power of Now

February 19, 2007

“Mind agitated, wavering, hard to guard and hard to check, one of wisdom renders straight as arrow-maker a shaft”. – Buddha

When we think about a beautiful word: “thoughts”.

What is our  first image? 

Why this particular image is coming in the mind?

….Observe yourself!

 Are we living on center or periphery of the circle of life?

Just remind timeless wisdom from Bhagvat Gita:

“The uncontrolled mind does not guess that the Atman (soul) is present: How can it mediate? Without meditation, where is peace without peace, where is happiness? ”

Here the meaning of control is moving towards center. Moving towards consciousness. Moving towards roots. Moving towards true nature of self. Moving towards solution.

Now come to TIME: In which dimension of time, we are living (Plus – Zero – Minus)

After observing we can diagnosis: Are we able to maintain resonance with time?

The solution is walking with time. Move our thought at present dimension of time. Because it is easy and simple.

In simple: Understanding the Power of Now………….

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Kindly read this wonderful interview of Eckhart Tolle at store.sound.com

Interview: The Power of Now and the End of Suffering

Some points from this interview:

“The word Buddha comes from the Sanskrit word Budh, meaning, “to be awake.” So Buddha is not a name and ultimately not a person, but a state of consciousness. All this implies that humans are potentially capable of living in a state of consciousness compared to which normal wakefulness is like sleeping or dreaming”.

“At the time, I had no conceptual framework to help me understand what had happened to me. Years later, I realized that the acute suffering I felt that night must have forced my consciousness to withdraw from identification with the unhappy self, the suffering “little me,” which is ultimately a fiction of the mind. This withdrawal must have been so complete that the suffering self collapsed as if the plug had been pulled out of an inflatable toy. What was left was my true nature as the ever present “I AM”: consciousness in its pure state prior to identification with form. You may also call it pure awareness or presence”.

“What dissolves is identification with thought forms that had given you your sense of self. But that sense of self is ultimately false is ultimately a mental fiction. It is the egoic mind or the “little me” as I sometimes call it. To be identified with a mental image of who you are is to be unconscious, to be unawakened spiritually. This unawakened state creates suffering, but suffering creates the possibility of awakening”.

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Knowledge and ignorance are the two unborn ones. One is the ruler and the other, the ruled. Apart from these two, there is another who is also unborn and who is connected with the enjoyer and his enjoyment. And then there is the infinite self, the universal form, who is non-doer. When one knows this triad, one has known Brahman (cosmic consciousness).”- Upanishad

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© Ajay Singh Niranjan

Vipassana Meditation-a logical process of mental purification through self-observation

February 18, 2007

Vipassana Meditation

As taught by S.N. Goenka and his Assistant Teachers

Vipassana is a simple and practical method of mental purification, which makes it possible to face the tensions and turbulations of daily life in a calm and balanced way. This path of self-development through self-awareness is extraordinary in its simplicity, its Lack of dogma and, above all, its results.

A ten-day residential course is an opportunity to learn this technique and experience the benefits of intensive meditation and self-purification. No previous experience of any meditation is necessary. The practice is acceptable to all, irrespective of caste, creed and religion. It helps all to lead a happier and more harmonious life.

All courses are financed entirely by grateful old students who have been benefited by Vipassana.                   
                        10 Day Courses

Regularly offered in Vipassana Meditation centers around the world.Contact nearest Vipassana Meditation center

Ref- http://www.dhamma.org & http://www.vri.dhamma.org

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VIPASSANA MEDITATION for Students, Children, Adults

Benefits:

1)                  Sharper Memory

2)                  Increased Concentration

3)                  Better Decision Making and Confidence

4)                  Peaceful and happy mind

5)                  Freedom from stress, fear, worry, anger

6)                  Better Performance in studies, sports, work

7)                  Better Health

Notes

1)     Two day Anapana Meditation courses are regularly offered for children/students. These can help a child become a better student and happier person. [One day courses can also be organized in schools]

2)     Ten day courses are regularly offered for Adults. Correct practice of Vipassana results in immense and life transforming benefits.

3)     The courses are offered with the sole intent of spreading happiness, and are free of cost. After completing a course, one can donate according to one’s own wish.

                 

MAY ALL BEINGS BE HAPPY.

For more information, Contact nearest Vipassana Meditation center.

Ref- http://www.dhamma.org & http://www.vri.dhamma.org

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A message of Vikas Nagpal :

       Vikas Nagpal
      Respected Friends,

     Kindly find an article about Anapana Meditation, which is offered free of cost to children, by Vipassana Meditation centres situated worldwide.The article specifically explains the benefits of this meditation technique when included in school education schedule.
Please refer
http://www.vri.dhamma.org/anapana/school.html

Kindly see the below Videos introducing Anapana Meditation for children.

Anapana Meditation helps a child master his/her mind, and live a happier and productive life.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pRgxKWm6×4U

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-1gpI7ipkM

More information is available at link http://www.vri.dhamma.org/anapana/index.html

May all beings be happy !

Thanks and Regards,
Vikas Nagpal
>>
May all beings be happy, be peaceful, be liberated!
http://www.dhamma.org
Bright Children/Students => Bright citizens and leaders => Bright India !!
http://o3.indiatimes.com/Vipassana_Education_Integration
>>

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~Ajay Singh Niranjan ~

What is Understanding?

February 16, 2007

The word “understand” is beautiful. When you are in meditation everything “stands under” you, you are far above it. That is the meaning of understanding. Everything is there far below, so you can see …..You have bird’s-eye view. You can see the whole from your altitude. Intellectual can not see it; it is on the same plane. 

Understanding happens only when the problem is on plane and you are on a higher plane. If you are functioning on the same plan as the problem, understanding is not possible. You will only misunderstand.  

Kindly link for understanding:  

  1. Story: Zen is Understanding Yourself 
  2. Know thyself – Understand yourself –True Being, Pure Consciousness and Bliss
  3. Vipassana – a Meditation Technique of Gautama Buddha  

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~Ajay Singh Niranjan ~

Thinking Like a Genius

February 14, 2007

Every human being is very unique and creative. Any one can become genius, if that person is trying to understand ownself. We have infinite capacity of mind power. But we are using a very little part of our mind. So try to walk a path of meditation for understanding your power of mind. Basically it is our own open journey …It is our own choice …..Because we are always free to do any thing in this planet. 

Kindly link this great article written by Michalko, Michael.

Thinking Like a Genius 

An excerpt: “Even if you’re not a genius, you can use the same strategies as Aristotle and Einstein to harness the power of your creative mind and better manage your future.”The following eight strategies encourage you to think productively, rather than reproductively, in order to arrive at solutions to problems. “These strategies are common to the thinking styles of creative geniuses in science, art, and industry throughout history.”

1.      Look at problems in many different ways, and find new perspectives that no one else has taken (or no one else has publicized!)

2.      Visualize!

3.      Produce! A distinguishing characteristic of genius is productivity.

4.      Make novel combinations. Combine, and recombine, ideas, images, and thoughts into different combinations no matter how incongruent or unusual.

5.      Form relationships; make connections between dissimilar subjects.

6.      Think in opposites.

7.     Think metaphorically.

8.     Prepare yourself for chance. 

 Source : http://www.studygs.net/genius.htm

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Asking the Right Questions

February 13, 2007

Asking the Right Questions – Peter Senge

The best way to learn is to ask questions. Here are a few starters for diagnosing the strengths and weaknesses of your organization.

  • What are our unifying values? What have we stood for over time? The ability to provide context and meaning for the work people do is key.
  • How do you organize your time? Is it spent on what you say is important? If you want to know if you’re really adding value, look at your calendar.
  • Whom do you depend on? Your real work team is those people you count on to do your job — including support staff, suppliers, customers, direct reports, even regulators. Your performance depends on the quality of those relationships.
  • What are you being paid for? All leaders must understand what results they’re accountable for.
  • How well do you practice teamwork, empowerment, service, or whatever values you espouse? Credibility is the No. 1 issue for leaders. By taking an honest look at your own practices — and asking others to look at them — you’ll know where you stand.
  • How do you convey difficult issues? Learning requires an acceptance, by definition, that one doesn’t have all the answers. Your ability to discuss complex problems and develop solutions without making others defensive is a key to learning.

Source : http://www.leadertoleader.org/

The Questioning Mind: Newton, Darwin, & Einstein

February 13, 2007

Most people think that genius is the primary determinant of intellectual achievement. Yet three of the all-time greatest thinkers had in common, not inexplicable genius, but a questioning mind. Their intellectual skills and inquisitive drive embodied the essence of critical thinking. Through skilled deep and persistent questioning they redesigned our view of the physical world and the universe.

Consider Newton. Uninterested in the set curriculum at Cambridge, Newton at 19 drew up a list of questions under 45 heads. His title: “Quaestiones,” signaled his goal: constantly to question the nature of matter, place, time, and motion.

His style was to slog his way to knowledge. For example, he “bought Descartes’s Geometry and read it by himself. When he got over 2 or 3 pages he could understand no farther, then he began again and advanced farther and continued so doing till he made himself master of the whole…”

When asked how he had discovered the law of universal gravitation, he said: “ By thinking on it continually “I keep the subject constantly before me and wait till the first dawnings open slowly, by little and little, into a full and clear light.” This pattern of consistent, almost relentless questioning, led to depth of understanding and reconstruction of previous theories about the universe.

Newton acutely recognized knowledge as a vast field to be discovered: “I don’t know what I may seem to the world, but, as to myself, I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the sea shore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.”

Darwin’s experience and approach to learning were similar to Newton’s. First, he found traditional instruction discouraging. “During my second year at Edinburgh I attended lectures on Geology and Zoology, but they were incredibly dull. The sole effect they produced in me was the determination never as long as I lived to read a book on Geology, or in any way to study the science.”

His experience at Cambridge was similar: “During the three years which I spent at Cambridge my time was wasted… The work was repugnant to me, chiefly from my not being able to see any meaning in [it]…”

Like Newton and Einstein, Darwin had a careful mind rather than a quick one: “I have as much difficulty as ever in expressing myself clearly and concisely; and this difficulty has caused me a very great loss of time, but it has had the compensating advantage of forcing me to think long and intently about every sentence, and thus I have been led to see errors in reasoning and in my own observations or those of other.”

In pursuing intellectual questions, Darwin relied upon perseverance and continual reflection, rather than memory and quick reflexes. “I have never been able to remember for more than a few days a single date or line of poetry” Instead, he had, “the patience to reflect or ponder for any number of years over any unexplained problem…At no time am I a quick thinker or writer: whatever I have done in science has solely been by long pondering, patience, and industry.”

Einstein, for his part, did so poorly in school that when his father asked his son’s headmaster what profession his son should adopt, the answer was simply, “It doesn’t matter; he’ll never make a success of anything.” In high school, the regimentation “created in him a deep suspicion of authority. This feeling lasted all his life, without qualification.”

Einstein commented that his schooling required “the obedience of a corpse.” The effect of the regimented school was a clear-cut reaction by Einstein; he learned “to question and doubt.” He concluded: “…youth is intentionally being deceived by the state through lies.”

He showed no signs of being a genius, and as an adult denied that his mind was extraordinary: “I have no particular talent. I am merely extremely inquisitive.”

He failed his entrance examination to the Zurich Polytechnic. When he finally passed, “the examinations so constrained his mind that, when he had graduated, he did not want to think about scientific problems for a year.”

His final exam was so non-distinguished that afterward he was refused a post as an assistant (the lowest grade of postgraduate job).

Exam-taking, then, was not his forte. Questioning deeply and thinking critically was.

Einstein had the basic critical thinking ability to cut problems down to size: “one of his greatest intellectual gifts, in small matters as well as great, was to strip off the irrelevant frills from a problem.”

When we consider the work of these three thinkers, Einstein, Darwin, and Newton, we find, not the unfathomable, genius mind. Rather we find thinkers who placed deep and fundamental questions at the heart of their work and pursued them passionately. Would that we had students who did the same.

(Newton: the Life of Isaac Newton, by Richard Westfall, NY: Cambridge University Press,1993; The Autobiography of Charles Darwin, by Francis Darwin, NY: Dover Publications, 1958; A. Einstein: The Life and Times, by Ronald Clark, NY: Avon Books, 1984; A Variety of Men by C.P. Snow, NY: Charles Scribners and Sons, 1967).

Foundation For Critical thinking

Source: http://www.criticalthinking.org/ABOUT/index.cfm

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Why “Blink” Matters: The Power of First Impressions

February 13, 2007

This is a very understandable article which is written by Susan M. Hearthfield on Malcolm Glad research book: Blink-The Power of Thinking without Thinking.

Kindly visit this article:

Why “Blink” Matters: The Power of First Impressions. at humanresource.about.com

Sharing some insight from this article:

According to Gladwell’s research, we think without thinking, we thin-slice whenever we “meet a new person or have to make sense of something quickly or encounter a novel situation.” He says, “Snap judgments are, first of all, enormously quick: they rely on the thinnest slices of experience … they are also unconscious.”

“We thin-slice because we have to, and we come to rely on that ability because there are lots of hidden fists out there, lots of situations where careful attention to the details of a very thin slice, even for no more than a second or two, can tell us an awful lot.”

Whenever we have to make sense of complicated situations or deal with lots of information quickly, we bring to bear all of our beliefs, attitudes, values, experiences, education and more on the situation. Then, we thin-slice the situation to comprehend it quickly. The implications of this concept have astonishing significance for our personal reactions to most situations.

It seems to me that this ability to think without thinking, to make snap decisions about situations and people in a “blink”, has significant implications for how we interview and hire staff.

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 * Ajay Singh Niranjan